TOPIC 30- Talk about a river, lake, sea, or ocean that is important for your country’s economy

TOPIC 30- Talk about a river, lake, sea, or ocean that is important for your country’s economy.

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Alice (English US)

George (English US)


What is this body of water?

How was it used in ancient times?

How is it used today?

Why is it important for your country’s welfare?


The most vital body of water for Vietnam’s economy is the Mekong River, which is one of the two major rivers in Vietnam.

The Mekong River is the longest river in Southeast Asia. The river has a length of approximately 5000 km and goes through several countries, including China, Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia, and Viet Nam.

In the past, the Mekong River played a key role in the Khmer Empire’s rise and fall. It used to be a site to form trade connections between India and East Asia.

Nowadays, during the wet season, when the Mekong River flooded, it acted as a natural flood water reservoir downstream, where the water would be stored for use during the dry seasons when there was little rain.

This meant that people could triple or even quadruple their yearly rice harvests, giving agricultural stability in an unreliable climate.

The river is filled with fish such as the giant catfish, which in turn feeds the population of farmers and laborers. Most people there are either fishermen or farmers, and sometimes both. It is also a main source of income for them.

It is one of the most fertile regions of the country and is considered the ‘Rice Bowl of Vietnam’ as it produces half of Vietnam’s rice, so it plays an integral part in Vietnam’s existence.

Moreover, it is vital for the Vietnamese diet as well as the economy. It produces 70% of its aquaculture and one-third of its GDP. It contributes to Vietnam’s wealth and prosperity.

These days, the Mekong River constitutes a network between the HCMC and the Cambodian border areas.

With its stunning landscapes, picturesque landmarks, and floating markets on the Mekong River, it’s one of the most interesting places to visit for travelers around the world.


Alice (English US)

George (English US)


  1. How does the river help the economy?

I believe that rivers are very essential to a country’s economy because they are a valuable natural resource. In addition to providing water for irrigation operations, they also ensure soil fertility. They are also used to generate electricity and are useful for navigation and transportation.

  1. Why are rivers important? What benefits do rivers give?

From my perspective, firstly, the river is a main source of income for fishermen and farmers.

Secondly, rivers are absolutely vital: for fresh drinking water, for people’s livelihoods, and for nature.

Moreover, it provides water for irrigation operations and also ensures soil fertility.

They are also used to generate electricity and are useful for navigation and transportation.

Lastly, rivers provide excellent habitat and food for many of the earth’s organisms.

  1. What is the economic importance of rivers and lakes?

In my opinion, lakes and rivers play an essential part in the economy. For irrigation purposes, navigation, and hydropower generation, it is considered important. Tourism and recreation play a fundamental role in the economic benefit of lakes and rivers.

  1. How can lakes benefit local people?

Lakes can provide us with prime opportunities for recreation, tourism, and cottage or residential living.

They are also respected by many people for their historical and traditional values.

Rivers are absolutely vital: for fresh drinking water, for people’s livelihoods, and for nature.

Rivers can be used as a source of renewable energy in the production of hydroelectric power, and they are also a source of fresh water for drinking and irrigation.

Leisure activities are another function: fishing, canoeing, swimming, and bathing.

  1. How do rivers and lakes affect local tourism?

Without a doubt, lakes provide a good opportunity for local tourism to develop. Here, people can do recreational activities and sight-seeing, which is the ideal feature of a tourist destination.

  1. Why is it important for countries to trade goods and services with each other? What is the importance of trade to a country?

In my humble opinion, international trade allows countries to expand their markets and access goods and services that otherwise may not have been available domestically. As a result of international trade, the market is more competitive. This ultimately results in more competitive pricing and brings cheaper products to consumers.

  1. Can you give some examples?

Yes, of course. Vietnam has to import electronic devices like mobile phones from America or China. because we don’t have the capability to produce them.

On the other hand, we export coffee and rice to the nations that need them.

  1. Why is importing important?

I reckon that exports and imports are important for the development and growth of national economies because not all countries have the resources and skills required to produce certain goods and services. Nevertheless, countries impose trade barriers, such as tariffs and import quotas, in order to protect their domestic industries.

  1. Can a country survive without trade? Can a country survive without trading with other countries?

I think that no country’s economy can survive on its own today. Our economies are all closely linked. It is therefore important for us to work with our partners to strengthen our global trade relations.

  1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of importing products from other countries that are also available locally?

From my point of view, one of the major drawbacks is that it’s very bad for the inner economy. It’s a loss of business because labor in some countries around the world is so cheap that Vietnam cannot compete with it.

On the other hand, one benefit is that the products become more affordable or available at a reasonable price for everyone.

  1. If trading among countries suddenly stopped, how would this affect people’s lives?

Honestly speaking, none of the countries can meet the demand by themselves. So if international commerce ceased, the products would be unavailable. And laborers will be unemployed.

  1. Is this good or bad?

It’s definitely negative because we don’t have some products to use, like cars, mobile phones, or computers. Or some companies specialize in clothes. If international trade stopped, they would fire a lot of workers.


  1. A body of water
  • Nghĩa: một vùng nước, hồ, sông, biển…
  • Phiên âm: /ə ˈbɒdi ɒv ˈwɔːtər/
  • Ví dụ: The lake is a beautiful body of water surrounded by lush greenery.
  1. Play a key role in
  • Nghĩa: đóng vai trò quan trọng trong
  • Phiên âm: /pleɪ ə kiː rəʊl ɪn/
  • Ví dụ: Education plays a key role in shaping the future of society.
  1. Play an integral part in
  • Nghĩa: đóng vai trò không thể thiếu trong
  • Phiên âm: /pleɪ æn ˈɪntɪɡrəl pɑːt ɪn/
  • Ví dụ: Teamwork plays an integral part in achieving success in any project.
  1. The wet season
  • Nghĩa: mùa mưa
  • Phiên âm: /ðə wɛt ˈsiːz(ə)n/
  • Ví dụ: In Southeast Asia, the wet season typically lasts from June to September.
  1. The dry season
  • Nghĩa: mùa khô
  • Phiên âm: /ðə draɪ ˈsiːz(ə)nz/
  • Ví dụ: The dry seasons in the desert are characterized by scorching heat and minimal rainfall.
  1. Reservoir -n
  • Nghĩa: hồ chứa nước
  • Phiên âm: /ˈrɛzəvwɑː(r)/
  • Ví dụ: The city depends on the reservoir for its water supply.
  1. Aquaculture -n
  • Nghĩa: nuôi trồng thủy sản
  • Phiên âm: /ˈakwəkʌltʃə(r)/
  • Ví dụ: The coastal region is known for its thriving aquaculture industry.
  1. Wealth and prosperity
  • Nghĩa: sự giàu có và thịnh vượng
  • Phiên âm: /wɛlθ ænd prɒˈspɛrɪti/
  • Ví dụ: The discovery of oil brought wealth and prosperity to the region.
  1. Stunning landscapes
  • Nghĩa: cảnh quan tuyệt đẹp
  • Phiên âm: /ˈstʌnɪŋ ˈlændskeɪps/
  • Ví dụ: The country is known for its stunning landscapes, including majestic mountains and pristine beaches.
  1. Picturesque landmarks
  • Nghĩa: các địa điểm đẹp như tranh vẽ
  • Phiên âm: /ˌpɪktʃəˈrɛsk ˈlændmɑː(r)ks/
  • Ví dụ: The city is filled with picturesque landmarks, such as historic castles and charming bridges.
  1. Floating markets
  • Nghĩa: chợ nổi
  • Phiên âm: /ˈfləʊtɪŋ ˈmɑːkɪts/
  • Ví dụ: The floating markets in Thailand offer a unique shopping experience on boats.
  1. Essential -adj
  • Nghĩa: cần thiết, quan trọng
  • Phiên âm: /ɪˈsɛnʃ(ə)l/
  • Ví dụ: Proper nutrition is essential for maintaining good health.
  1. Irrigation operations
  • Nghĩa: hoạt động tưới tiêu
  • Phiên âm: /ˌɪrɪˈɡeɪʃ(ə)n ˌɒpəˈreɪʃ(ə)nz/
  • Ví dụ: The irrigation operations ensure that the crops receive adequate water for growth.
  1. Navigation
  • Nghĩa: điều hướng, đi lại trên mặt nước
  • Phiên âm: /ˌnævɪˈɡeɪʃ(ə)n/
  • Ví dụ: Maritime navigation requires skilled sailors and navigational equipment.
  1. Downstream -n
  • Nghĩa: hướng xuống dòng, hướng từ nguồn đến đầu dòng
  • Phiên âm: /ˈdaʊnstriːm/
  • Ví dụ: The pollution from the factory affected the water quality downstream.
  1. A main source of income
  • Nghĩa: nguồn thu chính
  • Phiên âm: /ə meɪn sɔːs ɒv ˈɪnkʌm/
  • Ví dụ: Tourism is a main source of income for the local community.
  1. Organisms
  • Nghĩa: sinh vật, cơ thể sống
  • Phiên âm: /ˈɔːɡənɪz(ə)mz/
  • Ví dụ: The forest is home to a diverse range of organisms, including plants and animals.
  1. Prime opportunities
  • Nghĩa: cơ hội tốt nhất, cơ hội hàng đầu
  • Phiên âm: /praɪm ˌɒpəˈtjuːnɪtiz/
  • Ví dụ: The growing market presents prime opportunities for entrepreneurs to start new businesses.
  1. A source of renewable energy
  • Nghĩa: nguồn năng lượng tái tạo
  • Phiên âm: /ə sɔːs ɒv rɪˈnjuːəbəl ˈɛnədʒi/
  • Ví dụ: Solar power is a source of renewable energy that harnesses the sun’s rays.
  1. Without a doubt
  • Nghĩa: không còn nghi ngờ gì nữa
  • Phiên âm: /wɪˈðaʊt ə daʊt/
  • Ví dụ: She is, without a doubt, the most talented musician in the orchestra.
  1. In my humble opinion
  • Nghĩa: theo ý kiến khiêm tốn của tôi
  • Phiên âm: /ɪn mai ˈhʌmb(ə)l əˈpɪnjən/
  • Ví dụ: In my humble opinion, the company should focus on improving customer service.
  1. Domestically -adv
  • Nghĩa: trong nước, nội địa
  • Phiên âm: /dəˈmɛstɪkli/
  • Ví dụ: The company sources its raw materials domestically to support local industries.
  1. Trade barriers
  • Nghĩa: rào cản thương mại
  • Phiên âm: /treɪd ˈbæriəz/
  • Ví dụ: Tariffs and quotas are trade barriers that can hinder international trade.
  1. Tariff -n
  • Nghĩa: thuế quan
  • Phiên âm: /ˈtærɪf/
  • Ví dụ: The government imposed higher tariffs on imported goods to protect domestic industries.
  1. Be closely linked
  • Nghĩa: mật thiết liên kết với nhau
  • Phiên âm: /biː ˈkləʊsli lɪŋkt/
  • Ví dụ: Economic growth and technological advancement are closely linked in today’s world.
  1. Quadruple -v
  • Nghĩa: tăng gấp bốn lần
  • Phiên âm: /ˈkwɒdrʊpl̩/
  • Ví dụ: The company’s profits quadrupled within a year due to successful marketing strategies.
  1. Feed the population
  • Nghĩa: cung cấp thức ăn cho dân số
  • Phiên âm: /fiːd ðə ˌpɒpjʊˈleɪʃ(ə)n/
  • Ví dụ: Agricultural productivity must increase to feed the growing population.
  1. Laborer -n
  • Nghĩa: công nhân, lao động chân tay
  • Phiên âm: /ˈleɪbərə(r)/
  • Ví dụ: The construction site employed many laborers to complete the project.
  1. The major drawbacks
  • Nghĩa: nhược điểm chính
  • Phiên âm: /ðə ˈmeɪdʒə drɔːbæks/
  • Ví dụ: One of the major drawbacks of living in a big city is the high cost of living.
  1. Cease -v
  • Nghĩa: ngừng, dừng lại
  • Phiên âm: /siːs/
  • Ví dụ: The rain ceased, and the sun finally appeared from behind the clouds.


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Composed by Ms.Ngọc IELTS